WASHINGTON — As Marylanders join millions of others nationwide in the computer shopping blitz that’s become known as Cyber Monday, they should think about this: If they paid the sales tax they owe to the state for such purchases, Maryland would be $200 million richer.
The problem is, virtually no one pays, and the state’s top tax enforcement officer doesn’t believe they should.
Online buyers are supposed to pay sales taxes for their purchases by Jan. 21, 2013, one of the four deadlines a year for Maryland residents to file their “use tax.” This use tax is imposed on any purchase that is not taxed by the seller, whether it be out of a catalog, from an Internet retailer or even from a store in Delaware, which does not impose sales taxes. If the good is being used in Maryland by a state resident and has not been taxed, that person is required to pay the 6 percent tax.
State Comptroller Peter Franchot said between consumers’ lack of knowledge of this tax and an inability to enforce it, over 95 percent of the Maryland public is breaking the law. However, the comptroller said he would not enforce it.
“I am not comfortable in enforcing that and will not,” said Franchot, who said it is not the citizen’s fault there is not a “sensible” compliance program for online sales tax. “The collection of sales tax is a responsibility of government and industry, not the consumer.”
This use tax is almost impossible to enforce, Franchot said, and is costing the state around $200 million a year in tax revenue, with that number only increasing as e-commerce grows.
The comptroller’s office estimates that by 2020 the lost tax revenue will be more than $310 million.
Even if this lost tax revenue was collected, Franchot said it’s unlikely that other tax increases, like the recent tax hike on those making $100,000 or more, would go away.
“Maryland has an insatiable appetite to raise taxes, so I would doubt that the Internet tax revenues would substitute for some other tax increase,” said Franchot. “They’d just do both.”
Dee Hodges, president of the Maryland Taxpayers Association, said her organization opposes the use tax, saying it is “more regulation of the Internet,” and “a way of shutting down commerce.”
If the tax replaced another tax in the state, Hodges said she would consider supporting it. Maryland already grossly overtaxes its residents, she said.
“Pretty soon they’ll have a bill to tax oxygen,” said Hodges.
Franchot said this problem is better solved by the U.S. government than the state, as it involves interstate commerce and companies outside Maryland’s jurisdiction.
For many bricks-and-mortar retailers, the issue is one of equality. They say they can’t fairly compete against online retailers who don’t charge sales tax, while the state’s physical retailers must.
Multiple bills in the House and Senate tackle this problem, including the Main Street Fairness Act, the Marketplace Equity Act and the Marketplace Fairness Act.
In the 1992 U.S. Supreme Court case Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, the court found that a business does not have to collect taxes on customer purchases unless it has a physical location in the state. However, Associate Justice John Paul Stevens wrote for the court “that the underlying issue is not only one that Congress may be better qualified to resolve, but also one that Congress has the ultimate power to resolve.”
U.S. Sen. Ben Cardin, D-Baltimore, is a cosponsor of the Marketplace Fairness Act, which was introduced over a year ago and is yet to come out of committee.